street children

Street children are a term used to refer to children who live on the streets. They are lived in the streets for years. Street children describe children who live or work on the streets. Some of these children live with their families. Most children on the streets are between the ages of about 5 and 18 years old, may be increase of 18 years. Street children live in abandoned buildings, cardboard boxes, parks or on the street itself. Street children are those that are not taken care of by parents or other protective guardians. They are seeped in the streets. Street children spend some time in the streets and sleep in a house with ill-prepared adults. Street children exist in many major cities, especially in developing countries. Children of the street actually live on the street (or outside of a normal family environment). Family ties may exist but are tenuous and are maintained only casually or occur


street children in Brazil

Did you know that 86 million children of the world's children living on the streets? This figure stems from the statistics of the United Nations Children's Fund, UNICEF, does not reflect the actual number of victims of this practice? And that the problem of street children is not exclusively the preserve of the States or the world's developing countries of the globe Fmaha is rich or poor on an equal footing.

"Street children" was the focus of a symposium continued over two days, between 26-29 in Lausanne, under the auspices of the Terre Des Hommes "Terre des Hommes", a Swiss non-governmental organization primarily concerned with children's issues. The symposium was attended by experts and regional specialists and staff members of the organization to exchange information and views on the reality of this problem and ways to resolve in ten countries, namely Afghanistan, Albania, Bangladesh, Brazil, Burundi, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Morocco, and Vietnam.

Limited representation of developing countries in this seminar does not mean that the phenomenon outside of the countries of the South. If Brazil was the top of the developing countries in the explosive size of the problem with a number of street children to more than 12 million children, the United States, the first superpower in the world, living on the roads of about 100 thousand children.

Regardless of the location of the country, north or south, the situation of street
children remains one ... The development of the child imposes on the isolation from society and life in conditions of health and nutritional conditions and exposure to exploitation and physical abuse, psychological and sexual abuse.

UNICEF defines the concept of street children, each child under the age of 17
years do not receive support and care for physical, emotional and psychological family. This definition is close to the term "street children" adopted by the organization "Terre des Hommes." The organization would prefer to use this term, says Mr. Laurent de Danwah Delegate Terre des Hommes in Abanngladc, because it combines all the children who live on either side of the road throughout the day or certain hours of it, and thus includes the displaced children or working in the street or forced into prostitution.

Despite the presence of the phenomenon of street chil
dren in the past, has increased in size in some countries are strong in the past decades. This phenomenon, explains John Christophe Gerard representative of the "Terre des Hommes" in Egypt and Palestine, are modern in the country such as Egypt, compared with some other countries known as foot and the entrenchment of the problem in Brazil, or Morocco. But to do so in increasingly worsening.

The difficult economic pressures faced by poor families, especially in rural areas remains one of the most important causes of the problem of street children. Mr. Gerard explains: "Most of the children who find themselves in the streets of Cairo are not the indigenous population ... but coming from Upper Egypt, or from the villages and the countryside to search for alternative sources of income especially with the increasing pressures on their families, either because of the lack of a ground or low prices of agricultural products .... and end up in the streets of Cairo. "

In addition to poverty, Mr. Omar Saadoun, a Moroccan specialist in the field of education participated in the activities of the symposium, the disintegration of the family plays a role in creating the problem: "Some families began to abandon its responsibility in the upbringing of children, because the concern for them is the obsession of the search for a living. .. which led to the creation of crises and family problems to the extent of divorce and disintegration, and hence the displacement of children. "

The solution? The search for a common approach to address the problem of street children was a main theme of the symposium organized b
y the "land of human beings." Mr. Girard explained: "We were able to agree on a standard for employees in the organization to confront the phenomenon. There are four areas in which we can work in the street ... .. in the centers of activity reported by the child ... at shelters and with family .... The we seek to provide health services and nutritional status of children and reuniting them with his collection in order to qualify to be able to rely on itself and find work to provide a decent life ... In general, the way we deal with the problem to be determined in accordance with the needs of the child itself. "

Interestingly, as Mr. Gerard explained that this method in the treatment o
f the phenomenon of street children collide in many cases with the government policies adopted by many countries in their efforts to address the problem. Instead of merely treating the root of such policies to control the results and focus on campaigns to raise children in institutions are not well managed and contributes

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