street children

Street children are a term used to refer to children who live on the streets. They are lived in the streets for years. Street children describe children who live or work on the streets. Some of these children live with their families. Most children on the streets are between the ages of about 5 and 18 years old, may be increase of 18 years. Street children live in abandoned buildings, cardboard boxes, parks or on the street itself. Street children are those that are not taken care of by parents or other protective guardians. They are seeped in the streets. Street children spend some time in the streets and sleep in a house with ill-prepared adults. Street children exist in many major cities, especially in developing countries. Children of the street actually live on the street (or outside of a normal family environment). Family ties may exist but are tenuous and are maintained only casually or occur


Beat and insult to the street children

It is possible that summed up the definition of domestic violence or domestic, including the following ..
Is a use of illegal force by an adult in the family against the other members of the family, anyone can become a victim of domestic violence, but children are the victims of the familiar and at home that contain the children find they are more vulnerable to attack by the rest of the children of the family.

And child abuse is a serious problem, and experts estimate the number of abused children grow significantly worse are forms of physical violence and psychological affects of this Slukithm in the future, after a young man in the building and then caused the family is incorrect, and the suffering caused by the issue of domestic violence on children is the issue of a double addition to the suffering of the children themselves are social ills that result from abuse, if we take certain cases of adult detainees and persons who engage in violence or sexually abuse children, they are those who have been subjected to abuse and neglect in childhood is therefore the result of a double violence unprecedented violence and deliberate Bahsaiip show that the assault on children 70% of the attacks committed by White men and 50% to 70% of the men who attack women abusing their children so that the phenomenon of domestic violence against children has become a strange phenomenon and global in recent years and this increase is due to shortcomings in the process of education the importance of childhood and how to deal with it on a scientific basis in addition to family disintegration and the implications of negative and destructive effects of war on the realities of family and childhood.

And the effects of violence and its consequences: that the fathers more categories of violence against children, according to psychological and behavioral training for these parents, that the effects of violence against children begins at an early date and to pay to the street through the process of begging or working in occupations with Ataatlam to acquire the habits of his childhood and inappropriate behavior and then there is the exploitation of childhood innocence and the looting and violations of other painful body of the violation by some sick minds that leads to diseases endemic to the child's body and spirit, including anxiety, depression, guilt and shame and self-image disturbance, isolation and poor self-confidence and lack of concentration and a sense of aggression and counter the shift towards criminality.

The psychological shift for some children, the oppressed and their behavior into a disease that turned him and his family over its refusal to consider him as a place of indictment and conviction (even though he was a patient in need of treatment) and with the deterioration of a child to become addicted or criminal, for example, and this family has resorted to more violence against the child by trying to get rid of it.
And patterns of violence and confirms that there is j
ustification for the President of types of child abuse, including physical abuse (corporal punishment) sexual abuse (use of a child to satisfy the sexual desires of an adult or adolescent), or subjecting the child to any sexual behavior and there is emotional abuse (insults, intimidation, humiliation and ridicule) Therefore, there is agreement it combines a large, social workers and psychiatrists on the existence of interrelated factors to justify the occurrence of domestic violence towards the child, including social factors Kkhalavat between the parents and the prevalence of authoritarian and paternalistic model of social factors such as poverty, unemployment and head of the family.

We should also say it is hard for us to count the cases of violence against children in their homes, their families and often end up in cases of mental or physical disability to receive them under the name of the unknown to the domestic violence they will not attack, but only on the child but also an attack on the future


The phenomenon of sexual abuse of street children

Sexual abuse of street children has become a phenomenon in the Arab world, despite the lack of accurate statistics on the proportion of attacks on these children, the proportion of sexual abuse in Morocco for a total incidence of violence against children, amounted to approximately 60%, in Egypt indicate a report of of the Land Center for Human Rights presented to the "street children" to 3069 different crime, which killed 133 children, including 88 male and 45 female, indecent assault were 275 male children and 125 female, and the 1230 rape of a girl in the street girls, and torture of 21 boys and 7 girls, were also the kidnapping of 40 male and female for use in criminal operations, and 85% of the crimes committed by members of the lower classes of society.

The report also states that incidents of violence against children in the 6 months alone, 349 incidents, of which 106 cases of sexual abuse, and violence has reached 66 cases, and the number of cases of negligence in the case of care 81.

The events of the sexual abuse of children 18% of the total incidents against them, has been shown that 35% of the perpetrators of these incidents are
relatives of children and 65% have no contact with them.

Not only the phenomenon of sexual abuse of street children in Egypt, in Syria, statistics indicate that the city of Aleppo has seen 1945 cases of violence against children, representing about 23.5% of the total cases of violence in society, including 249 cases of sexual violence, which is equivalent to 12.8% of the total cases of violence, and the 1696 case of physical violence, which is equivalent to 87.2%, cases have been distributed by sex as follows: the status of 179 males, representing 71.8%, and 70 cases female, the equivalent of 28.2%.

*Types of abuse :

For the type of attack accounted for 183 cases or 73.5%, "sexual assault" and 62 cases by 24.9% "harassment without sexual abuse", and 4 per cent or 1.6%, "the killing of children."

The sta
tistics confirmed that the Syrian reported cases are only the proportion not exceeding 10% of the proportion of actual incidents, because of the sensitivity of this subject, especially in conservative Arab societies, such as the Syrian society.

Jordan was fortunate children of the children of Syria, they are also subjected to the worst cases of violence and sexual assault, where the records indicate the forensic clinic in the Family Protection Unit, Jordan, that the number of cases of violence against children in one year alone, 437 cases, 174 cases of assault sexual. In Morocco, the statistics confirm the formal and informal that 90% of incidents of child sexual abuse is not reported.

Says, "Clarissa Pennekomo" - head of children's rights at Human Rights Watch: - "The government arrested the children to protect them, in fact, most of the children returning to the streets during the week and are in a worse situation than they were prior to their arrest, as well as the police officers of assaulting them in police stations, police officers also used sexually degrading words to children and adult detainees as well as individuals with those of children, young people are not separated from adults, which has severely damaged children


The concept of street children

- The concept of street children:
The concept of street children newly Dictionary studies and research in Yemen and the Arab world.
Where the term street children is not art was first used by researchers in scientific institutions and the Arab Academy in the recent period, however, when the phenomenon was more widespread and took up a great deal of international attention to the part that was seen to the problems of street children, which is the legal concept of juvenile delinquents vagrants and beggars and the lawless.
There are neglected in many different term for the street children and to review a number of definitions.

((Street children are male or female under the age of 18 years living and sleeping and eating and playing in the street who does not work and any other works (in the street) in an informal and non-licensed and their relationship with their families are often the regular or lump)).

((There are of the view that the concept of street children is linked to children who are homeless and sell on the street, begging or selling chewing gum or cleaning car windows or similar professions at traffic lights in the streets and public squares)).

«There are those who know the street children from the perspective of the psychological and social suffering as children from families with cracked or broken up and face a range of psychological pressure and physical and social adaptation could not become the fate of the street».

«Considering that the street is the children who remain for long periods during the day in the street, whether working marginal jobs such as scanning the windows of cars or garbage collection or survey footwear, the sale of goods or trivial, such as tissue paper, or works of sulfur acts as prostitution and illegal drug transit or begging to bring livelihoods or friends, who tend to bad.
As for the acts of aggression toward pedestrians and public facilities are usually lacking in these children is being taught and directing them to the behavioral patterns of sound ».

Believes that the street children is «the child from his family, which failed to satisfy the basic needs of physical, psychological and cultural product of the reality of family socio-economic coexistence in a broader social framework, and the payment to another reality where the types of activities in order to satisfy its needs for survival, which might tend to view legal accountability maintenance of public order ».

* the definition of UNICEF:

Definition focused on the adoption of the child to the street, a source of income and stay where there was no requirement to reside in the street and was in the street, working children and their families living in the street children.
Thus, street children are divided according to the UNICEF definition of street children who work all day in the street and then return to their families to stay the night, and street children who have broken their relationship with their families or do not have a family basis.
In the latest definition of the United Nations Children's Fund

"UNICEF" in February 1993 for the street children the street children of the following four groups:
1 - Children who live in the street, it is a source of survival and shelter for them.
2 - children fleeing from their families and communities living in temporary or abandoned houses or buildings, or moving from one place to another.
3 - Children who are still in a relationship with their families but spend most of the day and some nights on the street because of poverty or crowding the place of living with the family or being subjected to physical and sexual exploitation within the family.
4 - children in care institutions coming to the state of homelessness and they are threatened at the same time to return to the situation of displacement once again.

* the definition of the World Health Organization (1993):

Street children known as:
First: children living on the street is not only concerned with survival and shelter.
II: children separated from their families, regardless of their place of residence either in the street or the fields or abandoned sites or the role of friends, or hotels or shelters.
III: Children who have a relationship with their families, but some were forced by circumstances (lack of space, poverty, physical or psychological violence inflicted on them) to spend most days or nights on the street.
IV: Children in shelters (in care homes and social institutions) are at risk of becoming homeless (5).

*the definition of the regional workshop:

Held in Cairo on "Responding to the phenomenon of street children, the Arab world" which was organized by the Arab Council for Childhood and Development (September - 1999) "Street children are a photo of exposure to delinquency and loss, male or female, as the Sunni-defined legal concept of" child "to the Arab world who are suffering Here, in their family or contact with their families on a regular basis and take all of the street included in the meaning of the concept of shelter and place of residence or semi-permanent and permanent source of livelihood protection and lack of supervision and guidance by adults or institutions to care for them ".
These children, in all cases classified under three types of family relations:
A - the children have nothing to return to their families and to stay a day.
B - a weak contact with the children with their families to go to it every time to time.
D - children do not have a relationship with their families for the loss of death or divorce or to leave their families.

* the definition of the Yemeni Council for Maternal and Child Welfare:

Indicates that the street children are: "Children who live on begging or who are engaged in marginal or children who are homeless or children deprived of family care full (6).
A definition adopted by some of the reports and studies on street children in the city of Sanaa, but now the Council left the definition and adoption of the procedural definition agreed upon at the regional workshop to address the problem of street children, the Arab world in 1999 in Cairo. And organized by the Arab Council for Childhood and Development have been added of the definition: that the abuse of children for begging is a form of street children in Yemen.

For the children of the streets, there is the difficulty of controlling this group of children borne by the continuing and the difficulty of determining who is a child of the street party Astinashm from the respondents, although a strict definition of a child, which distinguishes Bhetwagda the street continued in the street even during the night, with the interruption or almost completely full of captured


The concept of street children in Yemen

Street children in Yemen, the study of social - economic - psychological
The rights and welfare of the child labor of concern to the whole world that the child is not first-class human being with rights like other segments of society, but because it is unique among the age and needs much attention and care to provide all the rights and the prevention of all forms of violence and exploitation.

The evolution of the philosophy of the Rights of the Child within the broad global interest, are taking its present form after a struggle, an international claim, in personnel and the allocation of an international jurisdiction and rights of children.

It is the Universal Declaration of the Rights of the Child by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1959, which provided for the several provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights apply to the child and added that the child «to protect the needs and special attention, especially to the appropriate legal protection, whether before or after the birth».

The basic premise of this declaration is that mankind owes to the child, then the best of the tender - and - parents, individuals and voluntary organizations, local authorities, and governments are required to recognize all the rights and freedoms set forth and the effect observed.

Through the International Year of the Child in 1979 and proclaimed by the General Assembly so as to encourage all States to review ..... For improving the well-being of children and up to the Declaration on the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989 and ratified by most countries of the world and entry into force since that date ...

And the subsequent interest in international children's rights and genuine, and good through the holding of numerous conferences and the work of international studies related to the rights of the child, age and change legislation and laws in conformity with the Convention on the Rights of the Child and against all forms of violence and exploitation of the child .. Interest, which was absent or excluded - for more than forty years - came to take his humanity and believe in that «the lives of human beings not only in the full light of human rights» and the development of communities will not be a true, complete and safe only if they take all their classes, and such a child .
Children are those bright smiles that make this life the beauty and elegance and durable .. They are the hopes and future of the homeland .. There is no future for a nation that did not take care of the nation's children


street children in Sudan

The official and popular name "Empire of the Sun" and its members are those who are in the crossfire of the sun in the Sudan ... And the fires of poverty .. And hunger .. And displacement, which have the potential under the numerous factions of the women and children and the elderly .. Of the "leper" and "disabled" and "beggars" and ... Thieves, and there is another faction of the Solar Empire is "Deaconess" or displaced children, the sun in the streets and tunnels and streams of Khartoum.

It is where the name "Deaconess" to those children to save those of special capabilities to withstand the sun ... Roam the streets in total disregard of the inherent summer climates the majority of Sudan General .. And living on food waste, theft, pickpocketing and the remnants of "dumped" waste .. Sleep amid the market and abandoned buildings .. Including young children and the young girls .. "Itlhvon the wind against the wind.

However, despite the state of drought and misery of this p
henomenon, consistent with most of these "Deaconess" one voice that they "Mpsootoon these situations!"!.

In Sudan, about 60 thousand displaced children, according to government statistics, while the quasi-government reports indicate that the number of displaced children in Sudan, more than 80 thousand displaced children, but according to a survey conducted by UNICEF for maternal and child care to an estimated 36,930 are the number of homeless children in all the cities of the Sudan except for the southern states, home to Khartoum, including at least 14,329 children.

The implications of the phenomenon are many and serious as the statistics indicated that the educational system to keep about 45% of school-age children outside the walls of their schools and to 18% for non-continuing education to secondary school for economic reasons or secretions in the war known as the "dropout" and these statistics paint a bleak picture to put the child in the Sudan, and ringing the bells of danger which threatens the soul of the community.

Despite the intense activity of the voluntary organizations of national and
foreign to address the phenomenon .. With the growing phenomenon investigator of the causes of economic and security ... This area is in dire need to work hard and long, however, overlooks the failure and the red-tape and Diwaniya, arise to hinder the work of these organizations not to start a surrender.

"Riyadh", broke into the nests and the presence of "Deac
oness" within the empire from within the city of Khartoum, including her, and suffered what was the greatest secret about the state and the future of street children in Sudan.

According to a group of these "Deaconess" who they are living Altakinahm waste places of the sale of food markets in Khartoum different and often this is done secretly, without engaging in altercations with the owners of these stores and when it is beyond the remnants of food from the food aimed at the drums of "waste."

Answer one of them does not exceed the age of 10 years in response to a question from where I came? It was the center of the city of Sennar, Sudan .. Continues, "I left school not to have loved at all .. do not want to return to the" ...

He answered all of the school, ask about the Deaconess of them expressed his happiness in this life, displaced and did not want to enter the school .. !!

While speaking on the last 15 years: I do not know wher
e I came from and where I was born .. I found myself only in this market and I remember members of my family .. I am in the sewer with a friend.

Combines many of these children, "Deaconess" excessive love "of Indian cinema" and the heroes of Hindi films as well as all agreed that their visit to the doctor for their street and to live.

However, this fact conceals beneath a very miserable, organized a high-precision, a leader in it, Barkan their official language, and a de facto social organization, to end marriages.

The leader is one of those "Deaconess," the oldest and most powerful structure .. The most bolder .. , A leader of these homeless children and led to battles with rival groups, and that - which is responsible for the distribution of food to the group how they see ... They are all for him and his .. No one can disobedience, and the right to sleep with girls from Achammasyat, the resolution of Khalavathn, and so on


Street children in Afghanistan

Kabul is in between 60 thousand and 70 thousand street children who are living very miserable lives, according to estimates of human rights associations, and challenging some of the elderly who have blocked ports in their faces a living begging and harassment of passersby on the urgency of their problems. The majority of children live on begging or shining shoes, cleaning cars and custody for the theft of the prevalence of the side mirrors of cars and tires. When I went with the Colonel, a peace of life in a former military adviser to the Afghan Embassy in London is the closest figures to Ahmed Shah Massoud, the commander of the Northern Alliance who was assassinated by Al Qaeda two days before the September attacks to a restaurant in downtown Kabul, Herat, for dinner, paid for a group of boys a little money to guard the car . When we came back we had five of these boys within the age of 12 gathered around, and the payment of each and every one of them about 20 dollars or half of Afghanistan.

The Colonel said to
me, life «that the problem is chronic, and street children is not a general phenomenon in Kabul alone, but in many Afghan cities, due to a lack of social services». He added: «Afghan street children worked as street or begging Jailin. Many lost their parents or one parent in the wars in Afghanistan over the past three decades, suffered from severe psychological crisis. And has 50 thousand victims of war in Kabul alone ». He explained: «I believe that education can make the society against child labor». I have already made several visits to Afghanistan were the first days of the Taliban, which banned television and the education of girls, and plunged the end of 2001. It is clear to me as a look at news reports from Afghanistan, the Western media more interested in the military side and the suicide bombings and terrorism, with a flood of photographs published in the media that is dominated by the image of the burqa and the begging and the owners of beards and insurgents in the streets wherever you go. Note that there is a normal daily life will prevail in Afghanistan, after six and a half years from the fall of the Taliban regime, but unfortunately we do not hear anything about it.

Afghan children as part of the daily life of these. The children in the country where the average does not exceed the life of the individual fifty years, the country's future and hope. Sadviny and during my stay in Afghanistan for two weeks, I visited the Bagram U.S. military base and the mandate of Kunar, Asad Abad and Bamyan province, a younger generation full of vigor and vitality, which radiate energy, and appear on the face Chortle. What I saw in this generation does not conform to the stereotype known to us, and I saw girls in the center of Kabul at the age of flowers veiled orphans and children begging, and Ahaven hands or feet amputated due to years of jihad. I have also tried through what I have seen on the streets of Afghanistan to focus on child labor, which is often a social need will not disappear in the near term, as the girls and boys are helping to improve their incomes have stagnated material.

The problem lies in the portrayal of child labor in how to show the child in the picture. Through Mhahdhati those children identified as persons who act, not merely the subject of Osourhm before the camera lens, that is, I followed the control of what they are doing already, rather than ask them to do something for the camera only.

And street children in Kabul, are facing many problems and dangers,
including violence, which represents the bulk of their daily lives, whether of violence between groups of young children, or violence from the society around them, or violence at work. There are children dying every day in Afghanistan, as a result of lung disease, malnutrition and other diseases that can be avoided.

ren are also the refusal of society, because they are unwanted children in the areas of certain communities, because of their clothes and general appearance. In addition to exposure to various health problems seem to clear pimples and rashes, which takes them from living conditions, and psychological problems because of their failure to adapt to life on the street. And children are the main wealth of the people must live in the body of society, not to remain on the sidelines, to receive all the care in order to produce a generation is true, however, distorted. The situation of the war raging in Afghanistan, for example, affected large numbers of children who lost their lives either directly to the daily suicide bombings in the south of the country, or even in the capital, Kabul, and either ground wars relatives did not find a reason for care. Afghanistan is at the top of the list of countries affected by war, their children there, and there is no dispute that Afghan children are more affected by the ongoing war in the country for decades, have been converted to an enormous number of them orphaned and deprived of all forms of care, as it occupies the fourth place in Afghanistan the high number of deaths of children in the world, after Sierra Leone, Angola and Niger.

The loser
in any war are the children, and this loss is magnified if the target country such as Afghanistan poor. After more than seven years in the fall of the Taliban, there are now approximately 300 thousand Afghan children can not go to school, due to ongoing bombing and murder. The percentage of these children are deprived of education in Afghanistan, occupied by 50% since 2006; where 200 children are forced to their homes unnecessarily, for fear of war between NATO forces and Taliban militants. According to government estimates there are 6 million students in schools on a regular basis, but still the Taliban imposed against the education authority in Kandahar, Uruzgan, Helmand and Lashkar Gah in southern Afghanistan, and the Taliban from time to time to burn schools, and the Afghan government estimated the number of schools Taliban burned more than 200 schools in the Afghan south. The officials say the Afghan Interior Ministry: «The Government of Afghanistan will all its might to the fight against terrorism