street children

Street children are a term used to refer to children who live on the streets. They are lived in the streets for years. Street children describe children who live or work on the streets. Some of these children live with their families. Most children on the streets are between the ages of about 5 and 18 years old, may be increase of 18 years. Street children live in abandoned buildings, cardboard boxes, parks or on the street itself. Street children are those that are not taken care of by parents or other protective guardians. They are seeped in the streets. Street children spend some time in the streets and sleep in a house with ill-prepared adults. Street children exist in many major cities, especially in developing countries. Children of the street actually live on the street (or outside of a normal family environment). Family ties may exist but are tenuous and are maintained only casually or occur


The concept of street children

- The concept of street children:
The concept of street children newly Dictionary studies and research in Yemen and the Arab world.
Where the term street children is not art was first used by researchers in scientific institutions and the Arab Academy in the recent period, however, when the phenomenon was more widespread and took up a great deal of international attention to the part that was seen to the problems of street children, which is the legal concept of juvenile delinquents vagrants and beggars and the lawless.
There are neglected in many different term for the street children and to review a number of definitions.

((Street children are male or female under the age of 18 years living and sleeping and eating and playing in the street who does not work and any other works (in the street) in an informal and non-licensed and their relationship with their families are often the regular or lump)).

((There are of the view that the concept of street children is linked to children who are homeless and sell on the street, begging or selling chewing gum or cleaning car windows or similar professions at traffic lights in the streets and public squares)).

«There are those who know the street children from the perspective of the psychological and social suffering as children from families with cracked or broken up and face a range of psychological pressure and physical and social adaptation could not become the fate of the street».

«Considering that the street is the children who remain for long periods during the day in the street, whether working marginal jobs such as scanning the windows of cars or garbage collection or survey footwear, the sale of goods or trivial, such as tissue paper, or works of sulfur acts as prostitution and illegal drug transit or begging to bring livelihoods or friends, who tend to bad.
As for the acts of aggression toward pedestrians and public facilities are usually lacking in these children is being taught and directing them to the behavioral patterns of sound ».

Believes that the street children is «the child from his family, which failed to satisfy the basic needs of physical, psychological and cultural product of the reality of family socio-economic coexistence in a broader social framework, and the payment to another reality where the types of activities in order to satisfy its needs for survival, which might tend to view legal accountability maintenance of public order ».

* the definition of UNICEF:

Definition focused on the adoption of the child to the street, a source of income and stay where there was no requirement to reside in the street and was in the street, working children and their families living in the street children.
Thus, street children are divided according to the UNICEF definition of street children who work all day in the street and then return to their families to stay the night, and street children who have broken their relationship with their families or do not have a family basis.
In the latest definition of the United Nations Children's Fund

"UNICEF" in February 1993 for the street children the street children of the following four groups:
1 - Children who live in the street, it is a source of survival and shelter for them.
2 - children fleeing from their families and communities living in temporary or abandoned houses or buildings, or moving from one place to another.
3 - Children who are still in a relationship with their families but spend most of the day and some nights on the street because of poverty or crowding the place of living with the family or being subjected to physical and sexual exploitation within the family.
4 - children in care institutions coming to the state of homelessness and they are threatened at the same time to return to the situation of displacement once again.

* the definition of the World Health Organization (1993):

Street children known as:
First: children living on the street is not only concerned with survival and shelter.
II: children separated from their families, regardless of their place of residence either in the street or the fields or abandoned sites or the role of friends, or hotels or shelters.
III: Children who have a relationship with their families, but some were forced by circumstances (lack of space, poverty, physical or psychological violence inflicted on them) to spend most days or nights on the street.
IV: Children in shelters (in care homes and social institutions) are at risk of becoming homeless (5).

*the definition of the regional workshop:

Held in Cairo on "Responding to the phenomenon of street children, the Arab world" which was organized by the Arab Council for Childhood and Development (September - 1999) "Street children are a photo of exposure to delinquency and loss, male or female, as the Sunni-defined legal concept of" child "to the Arab world who are suffering Here, in their family or contact with their families on a regular basis and take all of the street included in the meaning of the concept of shelter and place of residence or semi-permanent and permanent source of livelihood protection and lack of supervision and guidance by adults or institutions to care for them ".
These children, in all cases classified under three types of family relations:
A - the children have nothing to return to their families and to stay a day.
B - a weak contact with the children with their families to go to it every time to time.
D - children do not have a relationship with their families for the loss of death or divorce or to leave their families.

* the definition of the Yemeni Council for Maternal and Child Welfare:

Indicates that the street children are: "Children who live on begging or who are engaged in marginal or children who are homeless or children deprived of family care full (6).
A definition adopted by some of the reports and studies on street children in the city of Sanaa, but now the Council left the definition and adoption of the procedural definition agreed upon at the regional workshop to address the problem of street children, the Arab world in 1999 in Cairo. And organized by the Arab Council for Childhood and Development have been added of the definition: that the abuse of children for begging is a form of street children in Yemen.

For the children of the streets, there is the difficulty of controlling this group of children borne by the continuing and the difficulty of determining who is a child of the street party Astinashm from the respondents, although a strict definition of a child, which distinguishes Bhetwagda the street continued in the street even during the night, with the interruption or almost completely full of captured

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